There are a number of different types of cameras that have existed over time. The three primary types of cameras that exist today are Point-and-Shoot, Compact System Cameras, and DSLR's.
Point-and-Shoot cameras are exactly what they claim to be; easy-to-use, small and lightweight. But so are camera phones, so why choose a point-and-shoot? A camera features a much larger image sensor than the cameras built into phones. Since these sensors are much bigger, they offer clearer, more vibrant photos than a camera phone, even if the number of megapixels is similar. If you are someone that will be printing a lot of photos, this is a better choice than your phone’s camera. There are also a lot of other features to choose from. Are you looking for ways to take nature photos from far away? Choose a long zoom option. Maybe you want to take better pictures at home, but they always end up grainy. A low-light point-and-shoot might be the camera for you. If you're looking for easy uploading, check out a Wi-Fi-enabled camera. Most point-and-shoot cameras also have “scene” settings which are built-in presets to tell the camera what type of effect you want or the type of environment you are taking pictures in. They optimize the camera’s performance and give you a better image with a simple setting selection before taking the picture.
Are you an outdoor enthusiast who travels into rugged country? Find shock-resistant and even waterproof cameras. These are meant to keep up with your adventures without you having to worry about exposing your camera to the elements of the outdoors. Some of these more rugged cameras are also shock and freeze resistant in addition to their more well-known resistance to water. This type of camera would be one to take with you boating, hiking, skiing, or most other outdoor excursions. Most normal point-and-shoot cameras will not have these features.
Compact system cameras (CSC) are a fairly new type of camera that many people are just learning about. The compact system camera is a hybrid of full-function DSLR cameras and convenient point-and-shoot cameras. Compact system cameras are typically smaller and lighter than most DSLRs, but have a broader array of features and functions than point-and-shoot cameras, such as faster autofocus and shooting speed. One of the big differences between a CSC and a point-and-shoot is the interchangeable lens. Like with a DSLR camera, this feature gives you the ability to change lenses based on the type of photos you want to take or the situation in which you are shooting. These cameras typically have larger image sensor than point-and-shoot cameras as well, which increases the quality of your photos. This will be a big advantage if you will be editing your photos on your computer or if you would like to make prints and enlargements from those photos as well. With a CSC, you'll get the best of both worlds.
A DSLR camera, or digital single lens reflex camera, is the clear choice for anyone who wants to take their photography to a higher level. Let's dispel the myth that DSLR cameras are for the pros, or those who have the ability to invest huge chunks of time into a photography hobby. It's just not true. The great news is that you don't need to be a professional photographer to use a DSLR. The technology has evolved to the point that just about anyone can pick up a DSLR camera and start shooting significantly better photos – today. It's important to know that most DSLR cameras have fully automatic modes, including autofocus. So if you're new to photography, you should still consider the benefits of a DSLR.
The big benefit of a DSLR is its versatility. A DSLR camera is a must-have for the person who wants complete manual control. This is where you can flex the muscles of the camera by telling it what to do with each and every shot. They're also a great option for casual photographers looking to improve their photography skills and even parents who need a fast-acting, autofocusing, reach-out-and-get-the-shot camera that won't miss their kid's big moment. Another great benefit of a DSLR camera is that you'll have a wide variety of lenses to choose from which can greatly affect your photos.